In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful (1)
Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, (2)
The Beneficent, the Merciful. (3)
Owner of the Day of Judgment, (4)
Thee (alone) we worship; Thee (alone) we ask for help. (5)
Show us the straight path, (6)
The path of those whom Thou hast favoured. Not (the path) of those who earn Thine anger nor of those who go astray. (7)
Surah Fatiha, the opening chapter of the Holy Quan is a wonderful store house of spiritual knowledge. It is a short chapter of seven brief verses, but it is a mine of knowledge and wisdom. Surah Fatiha was revealed at Mecca and was also revelaed in Medina the second time. The chapter has been referred to in the Quranic verse, “Valaqad aataynaaka sab’an minal masaani val quranil azeem” which means “We have indeed given thee the seven often repeated verses and the great Quran”.
It is very interesting to note that the New Testament contains the prophecy of this Surah. The New Testament says, “I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven….and he had in his hand a little book open and he set his right foot upon the sea and his left foot on the earth. And when the angel cried, seven thunders uttered thei voices” The seven thunders represent the seven verses of this chapter.
The best known name of this chapter is Fatihat al Kitab which means the opening of the book. It is also known as
- Al Salat i.e. the Prayer,
- Al Hamd i.e. the Praise,
- Umm al Quran i.e. the Mother of the Quran
- Al Quran al Azim i.e. the Great Quran
- Al Sab al Masaani i.e. the Often repeated seven verses
- Al shifa i.e. the Cure
- Al Ruqya i.e. the Charm
- Al Qanz i.e. the Treasure.